Abkhazia (Àdàkọ:Lang-ab Apsny, IPA /apʰsˈnɨ/; Àdàkọ:Lang-ka Apkhazeti; Rọ́síà: Абхазия Abkhaziya) is a disputed territory on the eastern coast of the Black Sea and the south-western flank of the Caucasus.

Republic of Abkhazia

Аҧсны Аҳәынҭқарра (Аҧсны) (Abkhazian)
Apsny Ahwyntkarra (Apsny)
Республика Абхазия (Абхазия) (Russian)
Respublika Abkhaziya (Abkhaziya)
აფხაზეთი (Georgian)
Apkhazeti
Emblem ilẹ̀ Abkhazia
Emblem
Orin ìyìn: Аиааира (Abkhaz)
("Aiaaira")
("Victory")
Abkhazia (orange), and Georgia proper (grey)
Abkhazia (orange), and Georgia proper (grey)
Olùìlú
àti ìlú tótóbijùlọ
Sukhumi
Àwọn èdè ìṣẹ́ọbaAbkhaz1 and Russian
Orúkọ aráàlúAbkhaz, Abkhazian
ÌjọbaUnitary republic
• President
Alexander Ankvab
Leonid Lakerbaia
AṣòfinPeople's Assembly
Partially recognised independence from Georgia and the Soviet Union[1][2][3]
• Georgian annulment of all Soviet-era laws and treaties
20 June 1990
• Declaration of sovereignty2
25 August 1990
• Georgian declaration of independence
9 April 1991
26 December 1991
26 November 1994
3 October 1999
• Act of state independence3
12 October 1999
26 August 2008
Ìtóbi
• Total
8,660 km2 (3,340 sq mi)
Alábùgbé
• 2011 census
240,705 (disputed)
• Ìdìmọ́ra
28/km2 (72.5/sq mi)
GDP (nominal)2009 estimate
• Total
$500 million[4]
OwónínáAbkhazian apsar, Russian ruble5 (RUB)
Ibi àkókòUTC+3 (MSK)
Ojúọ̀nà ọkọ́right
Àmì tẹlifóònù+7-840/940[5]
  1. The Russian language is recognised as a language of state and other institutions (art. 6 of the Constitution) and is widely used.
  2. Annulled by Georgia immediately thereafter.
  3. Establishing retro-actively de jure independence since the 1992–1993 war.
  4. By Russia. Followed by 5 other UN states since.
  5. De facto currency, several Abkhazian apsar commemorative coins have been issued. The apsar is on a fixed exchange rate, pegged to the Russian ruble (1 = 0.10 apsar).
Abkhazia02.png

Abkhazia considers itself an independent state, called the Republic of Abkhazia or Apsny.[6][7][8][9][10] This status is recognised by Russia, Nicaragua, Venezuela, Nauru, Tuvalu and Vanuatu[11][12] and also by the partially recognised states of South Ossetia, Transnistria and Nagorno-Karabakh.[13]

Abkhazia



ItokasiÀtúnṣe

  1. Site programming: Denis Merkushev. "Акт о государственной независимости Республики Абхазия". Abkhaziagov.org. Retrieved 22 June 2010. 
  2. "Апсныпресс – государственное информационное агенство Республики Абхазия". Apsnypress.info. Archived from the original on 28 May 2010. Retrieved 22 June 2010. 
  3. "Abkhazia: Review of Events for the Year 1996". UNPO. 31 January 1997. Archived from the original on 5 June 2010. Retrieved 22 June 2010. 
  4. "Abkhazia calculated GDP – News". GeorgiaTimes.info. 7 July 2010. Retrieved 22 September 2011. 
  5. "Abkhazia remains available by Georgian phone codes". Today.Az. 6 January 2010. Retrieved 20 January 2010. 
  6. Art. 1 of the Constitution of the Republic of Abkhazia
  7. Olga Oliker, Thomas S. Szayna. Faultlines of Conflict in Central Asia and the South Caucasus: Implications for the U.S. Army. Rand Corporation, 2003, ISBN 978-0-8330-3260-7.
  8. Abkhazia: ten years on. By Rachel Clogg, Conciliation Resources, 2001.
  9. Emmanuel Karagiannis. Energy and Security in the Caucasus. Routledge, 2002. ISBN 978-0-7007-1481-0.
  10. The Guardian. Georgia up in arms over Olympic cash
  11. See: International recognition of Abkhazia and South Ossetia independence.
  12. Barry, Ellen (15 December 2009). "Abkhazia Is Recognised – by Nauru". New York Times. Archived from the original on 19 December 2009. http://www.nytimes.com/2009/12/16/world/europe/16georgia.html. Retrieved 29 December 2009. 
  13. "Абхазия, Южная Осетия и Приднестровье признали независимость друг друга и призвали всех к этому же" (in Russian). Newsru. 17 November 2006. Archived from the original on 25 August 2011. Retrieved 26 August 2008.