Ìyàtọ̀ láàrin àwọn àtúnyẹ̀wò "Ibùdó Òfurufú Akáríayé"

Kò sí ìsọníṣókí àtúnṣe
{{Infobox Space station
| station =Ibùdó-ọkọ̀ LófurufúInternational KáríayéSpace Station
| station_image = ISS STS-128 ZenithISSpoststs131.jpg
 
| station_image_alt = A planform view of the ISS backdropped by the limb of the Earth. In view are the station's four large, goldengold-coloured solar array wings, two on either side of the station, mounted to a central truss structure. Further along the truss are six large, white radiators, three next to each pair of arrays. In- between the solar arrays and radiators is a cluster of pressurised modules, arranged in an elongated T shape, also attached to the truss. A set of blue solar arrays are mounted to the module at the aft end of the cluster.
| station_image = ISS STS-128 Zenith.jpg
| station_image_size = 300px
| station_image_alt = A planform view of the ISS backdropped by the Earth. In view are the station's four large, golden-coloured solar array wings, two on either side of the station, mounted to a central truss structure. Further along the truss are six large, white radiators, three next to each pair of arrays. In-between the solar arrays and radiators is a cluster of pressurised modules, arranged in an elongated T shape, also attached to the truss. A set of blue solar arrays are mounted to the module at the aft end of the cluster.
| extra_image_size = 300px
| extra_image = ISS Logo.svg
| extra_image_alt = The flags of the United States, United Kingdom, France, Denmark, Spain, Italy, The Netherlands, Sweden, Canada, Germany, Switzerland, Belgium, Brazil, Japan, Norway, and Russia.
| extra_image_caption = The International Space Station on 817 SeptemberApril 20092010 as seen from the departing {{OV|103}} during [[STS-128131]].
| insignia = ISS insignia.svg
| insignia_size = 150px
| insignia_caption = ISS Insignia
| insignia_alt = A silhouette of the ISS shown orbiting the Earth, contained within it, a blue shield with the words 'International Space Station' at the top.
| sign = ''Alpha''
| crew = 6
| launch = 1998–2011
| launch_pad = [[Kennedy Space Center|KSC]] [[Kennedy Space Center Launch Complex 39|LC-39]],<br /> [[Baikonur Cosmodrome|Baikonur]] [[Gagarin's Start|LC-1/5]] & [[Baikonur Cosmodrome Site 81|LC-81/23]]
| mass = {{convert|344378|kg|lbs|abbr=on}}
| mass = 303,663&nbsp;kg<br />(669,461&nbsp;[[pound (mass)|lb]])<br /><small>(15 October 2009)</small>{{Update after|2009|11|12|reason=Arrival of MRM-2.}}
| length = 73&nbsp;m (240&nbsp;ft)<br /><small>from ''Harmony''PMA-2 to ''Zvezda''</small>
| width = 108.5&nbsp;m (356&nbsp;ft)<br /><small>along truss, arrays extended</small>
| height = ~c. 20&nbsp;m (~c. 66&nbsp;ft)<br /><small>nadir-zenithnadir–zenith, arrays forward-aftforward–aft</small>
| volume = 358c. 835&nbsp;m³<sup>3</sup><br />(12c. 29,626500&nbsp;[[cubic foot|cu&nbsp;ft³]])<br /><small>(1518 OctoberMay 20092010)</small>{{Update after|2009|11|12|reason=Arrival of MRM-2.}}
| pressure = <br />101.3&nbsp;[[pascal (unit)|kPa]] (29.91&nbsp;[[inch of mercury|inHg]]) (1 atm)
| perigee = 341336&nbsp;km altitude (184181&nbsp;[[nautical mile|nmi]])<br /><small>(15 September 2009)</small>
| apogee = 353346&nbsp;km altitude (191189&nbsp;nmi)<br /><small>(15 September 2009)</small>
| inclination = 51.6419&nbsp;[[degree (angle)|degreesdegree]]s
| speed = 7,706.6&nbsp;[[m/s]]<br/>(27,743.8&nbsp;[[kilometres per hour|km/h]], <br /> (17,239.2&nbsp;[[miles per hour|mph]], 7,706.6&nbsp;[[m/s]])<!--why does this differ from the numbers in text?-->
| period = c. 91&nbsp;minutes
| in_orbit = {{age in days|1998|11|20}}<br/><small>({{date||dmy}})</small><!--Self-updating-->
| occupied = {{age in days|2000|10|31}}<br/><small>({{date||dmy}})</small><!--Self-updating-->
| orbits = c. {{#expr:floor ({{age in days|1998|11|20}} * 15.78224218)}}<br/><small>({{date||dmy}})</small><!--Self-updating-->
| decay = 2 km/month
| NSSDC_ID = 1998-067A
| as_of = 27 November 2009{{dateUpdate after|2010|dmy02|20|reason=Departure of STS-130.}}<br />(unless noted otherwise)
| stats_ref =<ref name="ISStD"/><ref name="iss-heightOnOrbit"/><ref name="OnOrbitiss-height">{{cite web|url=http://www.heavens-above.com/issheight.aspx|title=ISS Height Profile|accessdate=15 October 2007|publisher=Heavens-Above.com}}</ref><ref name="heavens-above">{{cite web|url=http://www.heavens-above.com/orbit.aspx?satid=25544|title=ISS—Orbit Data|publisher=Heavens-Above.com|author=Chris Peat|date=September27 15,November 2009|accessdate=September28 16,November 2009}}</ref><ref name="Space.com">{{cite web|url=http://www.space.com/missionlaunches/missions/fl_alpha_010201.html|publisher=Space.com|title=NASA Yields to Use of Alpha Name for Station|author=Steven Siceloff|date=February 1, February 2001|publisher=''Florida Today''|accessdate=18 January 18,2009}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/realdata/sightings/index.html|publisher=NASA|accessdate=19 December 2009|date=3 June 2008|title=Human Space Flight (HSF)—Realtime Data}}</ref>
| configuration_image = ISS configuration 20092010-1105 en.svg
| configuration_alt = The components of the ISS in an exploded diagram, with modules on-orbit highlighted in orange, and those still awaiting launch in blue or pink.
| configuration_caption = Station elements {{asAs of|20092010|1105|18|lc=on}}<br />([[exploded view]])
| configuration_size = 300px
}}
 
'''Ibùdó-ọkọ̀ Lófurufú Káríayé (''International Space Station''; '''ISS''') je ile iwadi to je ti kariaye [[Assembly of the International Space Station|to n je sisopo]] ni [[low Earth orbit|oju-ona ayipo Aye nisale]]. Won bere si ni ko si oju-ona ayipo ni 1998 eto sini pe yio pari ni opin 2011. Ireti ni pe iudo oko na yio sise titi di odun 2015, o si se e se ko di 2020.<ref name="Popular Mechanics">{{cite web|url=http://www.popularmechanics.com/science/air_space/4275571.html|title=The Uncertain Future of the International Space Station: Analysis|author=Rand Simberg|date=29 July 2008|accessdate=6 March 2009|publisher=[[Popular Mechanics]]}}</ref><ref name="NewBudget">{{Cite press release|title=Statement by Charlie Bolden, NASA Budget Press Conference|publisher=NASA|date=1 February 2010|url=http://www.nasa.gov/pdf/420994main_2011_Budget_Administrator_Remarks.pdf|accessdate=1 February 2010}}</ref>
With a greater mass than that of any previous [[space station]], the ISS can be seen from [[Earth]] with the [[naked eye]],<ref name="see"/> and, {{As of|2010|lc=yes}}, is by far the largest artificial satellite orbiting Earth.<ref name="10th">{{cite web|url=http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/main/10th_anniversary.html|title=Nations Around the World Mark 10th Anniversary of International Space Station|publisher=NASA|date=17 November 2008|accessdate=6 March 2009}}</ref> The ISS serves as a research laboratory that has a [[microgravity]] environment in which crews conduct experiments in [[biology]], [[human biology]], [[physics]], [[astronomy]] and [[meteorology]].<ref name="ISS overview"/><ref name="NASA Fields of Research">{{cite web|url=http://pdlprod3.hosc.msfc.nasa.gov/A-fieldsresearch/index.html|archiveurl=http://web.archive.org/web/20080123150641/http://pdlprod3.hosc.msfc.nasa.gov/A-fieldsresearch/index.html|archivedate=25 March 2008|title=Fields of Research|date=26 June 2007|publisher = NASA}}</ref><ref name="NASA ISS Goals">{{cite web|url=http://pdlprod3.hosc.msfc.nasa.gov/B-gettingonboard/index.html|archiveurl=http://web.archive.org/web/20071208091537/http://pdlprod3.hosc.msfc.nasa.gov/B-gettingonboard/index.html|archivedate=8 December 2007| title = Getting on Board|date = 26 June 2007| publisher=NASA}}</ref> The station has a unique environment for the testing of the spacecraft systems that will be required for missions to the [[Moon]] and [[Mars]].<ref name="ResProg"/> The ISS is operated by [[List of International Space Station expeditions|Expedition]] crews, with the station programme maintaining an uninterrupted human presence in space since the launch of [[Expedition 1]] on 31 October 2000, a total of {{Ageand|2000|10|31}}. The programme is thus approaching the current record, set aboard ''[[Mir]]'', of 3,644 days (8 days short of 10 years), with the ISS expected to take the record on 23 October 2010.<ref name="Only Just Begun">{{cite web|url=http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/main/5_year_anniversary.html|title=We've Only Just Begun|publisher=NASA|accessdate=6 March 2009|date=26 June 2008}}</ref> {{As of|2010|03|17}}, the crew of [[Expedition 23]] is aboard.<ref name="CurrentExpedition">{{cite web|url=http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/expeditions/expedition23/index.html|accessdate=1 April 2010|publisher=NASA|title=Expedition 23}}</ref>