Ìyàtọ̀ láàrin àwọn àtúnyẹ̀wò "Australopithecus africanus"

Created by translating the page "Australopithecus africanus"
k (Bot: Migrating 31 interwiki links, now provided by Wikidata on d:q239272 (translate me))
(Created by translating the page "Australopithecus africanus")
'''''Australopithecus africanus''''' jẹ́ èya australopithecines ìgbàanìelérò ayé àtijọ́ tí ó jẹ́ àkọ́kọ́ ẹ̀yà ọ̀bo tí a kà sí Hominine (ní 1924). Láìpẹ́, wọ́n kàá sí wípé ó gbéléayé láàrin ọduń míliọ́ọ̀nù 3.3 sí 2.1 sẹ́yìn, tàbí ní òpin Pliocene àti ìbẹ̀rè Pleistocene sẹ́yìn; Àsọyépọ̀ fihàn pé ó jẹ́ ìràn ènìyàn ti ìgbà ìsìsìyí.<ref>{{Àdàkọ:Cite web|url=http://www.mnh.si.edu/anthro/humanorigins/ha/a_tree.html|title=Human Evolution by The Smithsonian Institution's Human Origins Program|work=si.edu}}</ref> A. africanus jẹ́ tẹ́ẹ́rẹ tí wọ́n rí ní
{{Taxobox
apágúúsù <nowiki>[[Africa|Áfíríkà]]</nowiki> nìkan: Taung (1924), Sterkfontein (1935),  Makapansgat (1948) àti Gladysvale (1992).<ref name="info">{{Àdàkọ:Cite web|url=http://www.archaeologyinfo.com/australopithecusafricanus.htm|title=Australopithecus africanus|work=archaeologyinfo.com}}</ref>
|name=''Australopithecus africanus''
|fossil_range=[[Pliocene]]
|image=Mrs Ples.jpg
|image_width=250px
|image_caption=Original of the Mrs. Ples skull
|regnum=[[Animal]]ia
|phylum=[[Chordata]]
|classis=[[Mammal]]ia
|ordo=[[Primate]]s
|familia=[[Hominidae]]
|genus=†''[[Australopithecus]]''
|species=†'''''A. africanus'''''
|binomial=†''Australopithecus africanus''
|binomial_authority=[[Raymond Dart|Dart]], 1925 <ref name="info"/>
}}
 
'''''Australopithecus africanus''''' was an early [[Hominidae|hominid]], an [[australopithecine]], who lived between 2–3 million years ago in the [[Pliocene]].<ref>[http://www.mnh.si.edu/anthro/humanorigins/ha/a_tree.html Human Ancestors Hall: Tree]</ref> In common with the older ''[[Australopithecus afarensis]]'', ''A. africanus'' was slenderly built, or gracile, and was thought to have been a direct ancestor of [[modern humans]]. [[Fossil]] remains indicate that ''A. africanus'' was significantly more like modern humans than ''A. afarensis'', with a more human-like [[Human cranium|cranium]] permitting a larger [[brain]] and more humanoid facial features. ''A. africanus'' has been found at only four sites in southern Africa — Taung (1924), Sterkfontein (1935), [[Makapansgat]] (1948) and [[Gladysvale Cave South Africa|Gladysvale]] (1992).<ref name="info">[http://www.archaeologyinfo.com/australopithecusafricanus.htm Australopithecus africanus]</ref>
 
<span class="cx-segment" data-segmentid="97"></span>
 
== Tàtijọ́ tó lókìkì ==
{{ẹ̀kúnrẹ́rẹ́}}
 
==Itokasi==
=== Ọmọ Taung ===
{{Reflist}}
[[Fáìlì:Australopithecus_africanus_-_Cast_of_taung_child.jpg|thumb|250x250px| Àgbẹ́dẹ ọmo Taung]]
{{Human Evolution}}
Raymond Dart, then the head of the department of anatomy at the University of the Witwatersrand in [[Johannesburg]], [[Gúúsù Áfríkà|South Africa]], became interested in fossils found at a limestone quarry at Taung near [[Kimberley]], [[Gúúsù Áfríkà|South Africa]] in 1924.<ref>{{Àdàkọ:Cite web|url=http://www.press.uchicago.edu/Misc/Chicago/284158_brain.html|title=Raymond Dart and our African origins|work=uchicago.edu}}</ref><ref>{{Àdàkọ:Cite web|url=http://www.talkorigins.org/faqs/homs/rdart.html|title=Biographies: Raymond Dart|work=talkorigins.org}}</ref> The most promising of these was a skull of an odd [[Àwọn Irúọmọnìyàn|ape]]-like creature presenting human traits at the eye orbits, teeth, and, most importantly, the hole at the base of the skull over the spinal column (the foramen magnum); its placement indicated a human-like upright posture and implied a high probability that this hominid-to-hominin primate had achieved bipedal, as opposed to quadrupedal locomotion. Dart assigned the specimen the name ''Australopithecus africanus'' ("southern ape of Africa");<ref name="info">{{Àdàkọ:Cite web|url=http://www.archaeologyinfo.com/australopithecusafricanus.htm|title=Australopithecus africanus|work=archaeologyinfo.com}}</ref> it was also dubbed "the Taung child".
 
== See also ==
 
== References ==
{{Reflist|30em}}