Ìyàtọ̀ láàrin àwọn àtúnyẹ̀wò "Australopithecus africanus"

Created by translating the page "Australopithecus africanus"
(Created by translating the page "Australopithecus africanus")
(Created by translating the page "Australopithecus africanus")
'''''Australopithecus africanus''''' jẹ́ èya australopithecines ìgbàanìelérò ayé àtijọ́ tí ó jẹ́ àkọ́kọ́ ẹ̀yà ọ̀boìnànkí tí a kà sí Hominine (ní 1924). Láìpẹ́, wọ́n kàá sí wípé ó gbéléayé láàrin ọduń míliọ́ọ̀nù 3.3 sí 2.1 sẹ́yìn, tàbí ní òpin Pliocene àti ìbẹ̀rè Pleistocene sẹ́yìn; Àsọyépọ̀ fihàn pé ó jẹ́ ìràn ènìyàn ti ìgbà ìsìsìyí.<ref>{{Àdàkọ:Cite web|url=http://www.mnh.si.edu/anthro/humanorigins/ha/a_tree.html|title=Human Evolution by The Smithsonian Institution's Human Origins Program|work=si.edu}}</ref> A. africanus jẹ́ tẹ́ẹ́rẹ tí wọ́n rí ní
apá gúúsù <nowiki>[[Africa|Áfíríkà]]</nowiki> nìkan: Taung (1924), Sterkfontein (1935),  Makapansgat (1948) àti Gladysvale (1992).<ref name="info">{{Àdàkọ:Cite web|url=http://www.archaeologyinfo.com/australopithecusafricanus.htm|title=Australopithecus africanus|work=archaeologyinfo.com}}</ref>
 
=== Ọmọ Taung ===
[[Fáìlì:Australopithecus_africanus_-_Cast_of_taung_child.jpg|thumb|250x250px| Àgbẹ́dẹ ọmo Taung]]
Ramond Dart, tí ó jẹ́ olórí ẹ̀ka ètò ìpín ara ènìyàn ti University of the Witwatersrand ní Johasnnesburg,  gúúsù <nowiki>[[Africa|Áfíríkà]]</nowiki> nifẹ́ sí tàtijọ́ tí wọ́n rí ní bi òkúta ẹfun ní Taung legḅe Kimberley, gúúsù Áfíríkà ní ọdún 1924.<ref>{{Àdàkọ:Cite web|url=http://www.press.uchicago.edu/Misc/Chicago/284158_brain.html|title=Raymond Dart and our African origins|work=uchicago.edu}}</ref>[[#cite_note-3|<span class="mw-reflink-text"><nowiki>[3]</nowiki></span>]]<ref>{{Àdàkọ:Cite web|url=http://www.talkorigins.org/faqs/homs/rdart.html|title=Biographies: Raymond Dart|work=talkorigins.org}}</ref> Èyí tí ó jọni lójú jú ní agbárí bí ti ìnànkí tí ó dàbí ti ènìyàn tí ibi ojú, eyín rẹ̀ àti èyí tí ó ṣe pàtàkì jùlọ ni ihò tí ó wà ní ìsàlẹ̀ agbárí lókè ọ̀pá ẹ̀yín ẹ̀ (tí wọ́n ń pè ní foramen magnum); bí ó ṣe rí dàbí tí ènìyàn bá dúró leyí tófihan wípé ó ṣeésẹ kí homid-si-homid akọ́dièyàn èèyàn yí lẹ́sè méjì fún ìrìn yàtọ̀ sí ẹlẹ́sè́ merin. Dart fún àwòṣe àpẹ̣rẹ ní tí à ń pè ní Australopithecus africanus; ó tún pèé ní "Ọmọ Taung".
Ramond Dart, tí ó jẹ́ olórí ẹ̀ka ètò ìpín ara ènìyàn ti University of the Witwatersrand ní Johasnnesburg,  gúúsù <nowiki>[[Africa|Áfíríkà]]</nowiki>
 
Eleyi jẹ́ àkọ́kọ́ tí wọ́n máa pe hominin ní "ìnànkí", fún ìdí èyí wọ́n pe ènìyàn ní ìran ìnànkí.<span class="cx-segment" data-segmentid="131"></span>
 
 
aymond Dart, then the head of the department of anatomy at the University of the Witwatersrand in [[Johannesburg]], [[Gúúsù Áfríkà|South Africa]], became interested in fossils found at a limestone quarry at Taung near [[Kimberley]], [[Gúúsù Áfríkà|South Africa]] in 1924.<ref>{{Àdàkọ:Cite web|url=http://www.press.uchicago.edu/Misc/Chicago/284158_brain.html|title=Raymond Dart and our African origins|work=uchicago.edu}}</ref><ref>{{Àdàkọ:Cite web|url=http://www.talkorigins.org/faqs/homs/rdart.html|title=Biographies: Raymond Dart|work=talkorigins.org}}</ref> The most promising of these was a skull of an odd [[Àwọn Irúọmọnìyàn|ape]]-like creature presenting human traits at the eye orbits, teeth, and, most importantly, the hole at the base of the skull over the spinal column (the foramen magnum); its placement indicated a human-like upright posture and implied a high probability that this hominid-to-hominin primate had achieved bipedal, as opposed to quadrupedal locomotion. Dart assigned the specimen the name ''Australopithecus africanus'' ("southern ape of Africa");<ref name="info">{{Àdàkọ:Cite web|url=http://www.archaeologyinfo.com/australopithecusafricanus.htm|title=Australopithecus africanus|work=archaeologyinfo.com}}</ref> it was also dubbed "the Taung child".
 
== See also ==