Josephine Baker

Òṣèré Ọmọ Orílẹ̀-èdè America

Josephine Baker (June 3, 1906 – April 12, 1975) je onijo, akorin ati osere omo Amerika ara Fransi to je mimo kaakiri bi "Black Pearl," "Bronze Venus" ati "Creole Goddess". Oruko abiso re ni Freda Josephine McDonald ni St. Louis, Missouri, Josephine di ara Fransi ni 1937. O gbo ede Geesi ati ede Fransi daada.

Josephine Baker
Josephine Baker in her famous banana costume.
Josephine Baker in her famous banana costume.
Background information
Orúkọ àbísọFreda Josephine McDonald
Ọjọ́ìbí(1906-06-03)Oṣù Kẹfà 3, 1906
St. Louis, Missouri, U.S.[1][2]
AláìsíApril 12, 1975(1975-04-12) (ọmọ ọdún 68)
Paris, France
Irú orinCabaret, Music hall, French pop, French jazz
Occupation(s)Dancer, singer, actress, Civil Rights Activist, spy
Years active1921–1975
LabelsColumbia, Mercury, RCA Victor

Baker ni omobinrin Afrika Amerika akoko to di osere pataki ninu filmu kan, Zouzou (1934) tabi to gbajumo kari aye gegebi onifaaji. Baker ko lati sere fun agbo eleyameya ni Amerika, be sini o tun kopa ninu Iwode awon Eto Araalu. Coretta Scott King fun ni ipo olori iwode yi ni odun 1968, leyin ifikupa Martin Luther King, Jr.. Baker, however, turned down the offer. She was also known for assisting the French Resistance during World War II,[3] and received the French military honor, the Croix de guerre and was made a Chevalier of the Légion d'honneur by General Charles de Gaulle.[4]

Ìgbésíayé àtúnṣe

Wọ́n bí Josephine Baker pẹ̀lú orúkọ àbísọ Freda Josephine McDonald ní St. Louis, Missouri, ní orílẹ̀-èdè Amẹ́ríkà.[1][2] Ìyá rẹ̀ ni Carrie McDonald. Bàbá rẹ̀ ni Eddie Carson tó jẹ́ onílù. Carrie àti Eddie dá ẹgbẹ́ orin àti ijó sílẹ̀, had a song-and-dance act, playing wherever they could get work, and when Josephine was about a year old they began to carry her onstage occasionally during their finale. Josephine was always poorly dressed and hungry, and her playground became the yards of Union Station. From this she developed her street smarts.[5] When Baker was eight she began working as a live-in domestic for white families in St. Louis.[6] She was sent to work for a woman who abused her, burning Baker's hands when she put too much soap in the laundry.[7]

Itokasi àtúnṣe

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Josephine Baker (Freda McDonald) Native of St. Louis, Missouri". Retrieved 2009-03-06. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "A – About Art Deco – Josephine Baker". Victoria and Albert Museum. Retrieved 2009-03-06. 
  3. Àṣìṣe ìtọ́kasí: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named QR
  4. Roberts, Kimberly (8 April 2011). "Remembering Josephine Baker". Philadelphia Tribune. 
  5. Wood, Ian (2000). The Josephine Baker Story. United Kingdom: MPG Books. pp. 241–318. ISBN 1-86074-286-6. 
  6. . Whitaker, Matthew C. (2011). Icons of Black America: Breaking Barriers and Crossing Boundaries. p. 64. 
  7. "The Rise and Fall of Josephine Baker". Dollars & Sense 13. 1987.