Ogun Abẹ́lé Gríìsì

Ogun Abẹ́lé Gríìsì (Gíríkì: ο Eμφύλιος [Πόλεμος], "the Civil War") was fought from 1946 to 1949 between the Greek governmental army, backed by the United Kingdom and United States, and the Democratic Army of Greece (ΔΣΕ), the military branch of the Greek Communist Party (KKE), backed by Bulgaria, Yugoslavia and Albania.

Greek Civil War
Part of the Cold War
Map of Greece.
Date 1946 - 1949
Location Greece
Result National Army victory
Gríìsì National Army
Supported By:
Àwọn Ìpínlẹ̀ Aṣọ̀kan United States
Ilẹ̀ọba Aṣọ̀kan United Kingdom
DSE badge.svg Democratic Army of Greece
*Republic of Macedonia N.O.F. partisans

Supported By:
Ìsọ̀kan Sófìẹ̀tì Soviet Union
Albáníà P. Rep. of Albania

Gríìsì Alexander Papagos,
Gríìsì Thrasyvoulos Tsakalotos
DSE badge.svg Markos Vafiadis,
DSE badge.svg Nikolaos Zachariadis
150,000 51,000
Casualties and losses
Hellenic Army, Navy and Air Force, from August 16, 1945 to December 22, 1951:[1]
15,268 dead
37,255 wounded
3,843 missing
865 deserters

Hellenic Gendarmerie, from December 1, 1944 to December 27, 1951:[2]
1,485 dead
3,143 wounded
159 missing.

1,000,000 people were relocated temporarily during the war[3]


  1. Γενικόν Επιτελείον Στρατού, Διεύθυνσις Ηθικής Αγωγής, Η Μάχη του Έθνους, Ελεύθερη Σκέψις, Athens, 1985, pp. 35-36
  2. Γενικόν Επιτελείον Στρατού, p. 36
  3. Γιώργος Μαργαρίτης, Η ιστορία του Ελληνικού εμφυλίου πολέμου ISBN 960-8087-12-0