Púẹ́rtò Ríkò[lower-alpha 1] (ede Spein for "Rich Port"), fun ise ijoba bi Kajola ile Puerto Riko (Commonwealth of Puerto Rico) (Spánì: Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico, lit. "Free Associated State of Puerto Rico")[lower-alpha 2] ati nigbakan bi Porto Riko,[lower-alpha 3] je agbegbe aikorapo ile Orile-ede Amerika to budo si ariwa-ilaorun Omi-okun Karibeani.
|Àyọkà yìí tàbí apá rẹ̀ únfẹ́ àtúnṣe sí.|
- "Puerto Rico" pronunciations: English // or //; Spanish: [ˈpweɾto ˈriko], rural, locally also [ˈpwelto ˈχiko; ˈʀ̥iko].
- The Spanish word for commonwealth is typically mancomunidad.
- In 1932, the U.S. Congress officially back-corrected the former Anglicization of Porto Rico into the Spanish name Puerto Rico. It had been using the former spelling in its legislative and judicial records since it acquired the territory. Patricia Gherovici states that both "Porto Rico" and "Puerto Rico" were used interchangeably in the news media and documentation before, during, and after the U.S. conquest of the island in 1898. The "Porto" spelling, for instance, was used in the Treaty of Paris, but "Puerto" was used by The New York Times that same year. Nancy Morris clarifies that "a curious oversight in the drafting of the Foraker Act caused the name of the island to be officially misspelled". However, Gervasio Luis Garcia traces the Anglicized spelling to a National Geographic article from 1899, after which the spelling was kept by many agencies and entities because of the ethnic and linguistic pride of the English-speaking citizens of the American mainland.
- Nancy Morris (1995), Puerto Rico: Culture, Politics, and Identity, Praeger/Greenwood, p. 62, ISBN 0275952282
- CIA World Factbook Retrieved June 8, 2009.
- U.S. Department of State. Dependencies and Areas of Special Sovereignty
- Amaral, Patrícia & Ana Maria Carvalho (2014). Portuguese-Spanish Interfaces: Diachrony, synchrony, and contact. Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company. p. 130. ISBN 9789027258007. https://books.google.com/?id=l9jLBAAAQBAJ&pg=PT113&lpg=PT113&dq=pwelto#v=onepage&q=pwelto&f=false.
- Pedro A. Malavet (2004). America's colony: the political and cultural conflict between the United States and Puerto Rico. NYU Press. pp. 43, 181 note 76. ISBN 978-0-8147-5680-5. https://books.google.com/?id=pKqVpqGVsJYC.
- Patricia Gherovici (2003). The Puerto Rican syndrome. Other Press, LLC. pp. 140–141. ISBN 978-1-892746-75-7. https://books.google.com/?id=2jSsxVWxu2sC.
- Historian, Office of the (January 1, 2013) (in en). Hispanic Americans in Congress, 1822–2012. Government Printing Office. ISBN 9780160920684. https://books.google.com/books?id=Dw2ZjkgjchkC.
- Secretary's, Puerto Rico; Office, Puerto Rico Secretary's (January 1, 1903) (in en). Register of Porto Rico. Office of the Secretary. https://books.google.com/books?id=GtQWAAAAYAAJ.
- Deusen, Richard James Van; Deusen, Elizabeth Kneipple Van (1931) (in en). Porto Rico: A Caribbean Isle. Henry Holt. https://books.google.com/books?id=gWczAQAAIAAJ.
- Sciences, New York Academy of (1922) (in en). Scientific survey of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands. New York Academy of Sciences. https://books.google.com/books?id=jGhNAAAAYAAJ.