Ìgbà Pẹ́rmíà
299–251 ẹgbẹgbẹ̀rún ọdun sẹ́yìn
Mean atmospheric O2 content over period duration ca. 23 Vol %[1]
(115 % of modern level)
Mean atmospheric CO2 content over period duration ca. 900 ppm[2]
(3 times pre-industrial level)
Mean surface temperature over period duration ca. 16 °C[3]
(2 °C above modern level)
Sea level (above present day) Relatively constant at 60m in early Permian; plummeting during the middle Permian to a constant −20 m in the late Permian.[4]
Àwọn ìṣẹ̀lẹ̀ pàtàkì Ìgbà Pẹ́rmíà
view • discuss • edit
-300 —
-295 —
-290 —
-285 —
-280 —
-275 —
-270 —
-265 —
-260 —
-255 —
-250 —
Lopingian (Upper Permian)
Guadalupian (Middle Permian)
Cisuralian (Lower Permian)
An approximate timescale of key Permian events.
Axis scale: millions of years ago.

The Permian[note 1] is a geologic period and system characterized among land vertebrates by the diversification of the early amniotes into the ancestral groups of the mammals, turtles, lepidosaurs and archosaurs. The Permian Period follows the Carboniferous and extends from 299.0 ± 0.8 to 251.0 ± 0.4 Mya (million years before the present). It is the last period of the Paleozoic Era and famous for its ending epoch event, the largest mass extinction known to science. The Permian Period was named after the Perm Krai in Russia by Scottish geologist Roderick Murchison in 1841.

Akiyesi àtúnṣe

  1. The term "Permian" was introduced into geology in 1841 by Sir Sir R. I. Murchison, president of the Geological Society of London, who identified typical strata in extensive Russian explorations undertaken with Edouard de Verneuil; Murchison asserted in 1841 that he named his "Permian system" after the ancient kingdom of Permia, and not after the then small town of Perm, as usually assumed; see "Origin of the Permian"[Ìjápọ̀ tí kò ṣiṣẹ́ mọ́]

Itokasi àtúnṣe

  1. Image:Sauerstoffgehalt-1000mj.svg
  2. Image:Phanerozoic Carbon Dioxide.png
  3. Image:All palaeotemps.png
  4. Haq, B. U.; Schutter, SR (2008). "A Chronology of Paleozoic Sea-Level Changes". Science 322 (5898): 64–68. doi:10.1126/science.1161648. PMID 18832639. 
Preceded by Proterozoic Eon 542 Ma - Phanerozoic Eon - Present
542 Ma - Paleozoic Era - 251 Ma 251 Ma - Mesozoic Era - 65 Ma 65 Ma - Cenozoic Era - Present
Kámbríà Ọ̀rdòfísíà Sílúríà Dẹfoníà Eléèédú Pẹ́rmíà Tríásíkì Jùrásíkì Ẹlẹ́fun Ìbíniàtijọ́ Ìbíniọ̀tun Quaternary