Idoti omi jẹ ibajẹ ti omi, nigbagbogbo onise pelu abajade awọn iṣẹ eniyan, ni iru ọna ti o nipalara fun lilo re.[1] Idoti omi maa dinku agbara ti omi ni lati pese awọn iṣẹ ailonka ti yoo pese bibẹẹkọ. Orisi apeere omi ni adagun, awọn odo, awọn okun, omi kanga ati omi inu ile. Idoti omi maa njeyo latari dida idoti sinu awọn ara omi wọnyi.

Igbe ati idoti ile-iṣẹ ninu Odò Tuntun bi oti nkọja lati Mexicali (Mexico) si ilu Calexico, California


Idoti omi maa wa lati ọkan ninu awọn orisun mẹrin yi: omi iyagbe, ile-iṣẹ, iṣẹ-ogbin, ati ṣiṣan ilu pẹlu omi iji. [2] Fun apẹẹrẹ, jijade omi idọti ti ko tọ si sinu omi le ja si ibajẹ awọn inu omi wọnyi. Idoti omi tun le ja si oniruru awọn arun fun awọn eniyan ti nlo omi idoti fun mimu, iwẹ, fifọ tabi fun ikan ogbin. Pipese omi mimu to mọ jẹ iṣẹ pataki ti a gbodo se, ṣugbọn o fẹrẹ to awọn eniyan miliọnu ẹ́ẹdógún din ni ẹgbẹ́rin ni agbaye ti ko ni aye si omi mimu to mọ nitori idoti. [3]A le pin idoti omi si bi idoti ojuomi (fun apẹẹrẹ awọn adagun, omi ti nṣan, awọn estuaries, ati lara omi okun) tabi idoti omi inu ile . Awọn orisun ti idoti omi wa latari idikan tabi ailonka . Alakoko ni idi idanimọ kan, gẹgẹbi igbẹ iji, idoti ile-iṣẹ itọju omi tabi idalẹnu epo inu ile. Awọn orisun ti idi ailonka oni idi kan pato, gẹgẹbi omi ti nla oko ogbin koja.[4] Idoti ni abajade akopọ awon wonyii.

ItumọÀtúnṣe

 
Idoti ninu canal Lachine, nilu Canada

Orisirisi idoti ati awọn orisun wọnÀtúnṣe

AkopọÀtúnṣe

Ti idoti omi ba wa lati inu omi iyagbe (omi idọti ilu), awọn koko idoti ibe ni: awọn okele ti o daduro, awon nnkan ti o le jera, awọn ounjẹ ati awọn kokoro ti sokunfa arun.[1]

Awọn idoti ati awọn ipa wọn (orisun ti awọn idoti wọnyi jẹ omi idọti ti ilu ati ti ile-iṣẹ, ṣiṣan ilu, awọn ise ogbin ati koriko).[1]
Idoti Asoju paramita Ipa ti idoti ko
Awọn okelẹ ti o daduro Lapapọ ti daduro duro
  • Awọn iṣoro ẹwa
  • Awọn ohun idogo sludge
  • Fifa idoti mu
  • Idaabobo kokoro aifojuri
Ohun to le jera Ti ibi atẹgun
  • Lilo atẹgun
  • Ikú ẹja
  • Awọn ipo septic
Awọn eroja
  • Idagba ewe ojuomi ti o pọju
  • Majele si ẹja ( chemika ammonia )
  • Awọn aisan ninu awọn ọmọ tuntun ti a bi (Blue baby syndrome lati loore)
  • Idoti ti omi inu ile
Kokoro aifojuri
  • Kokoro, bi E. Coli
  • Awọn ẹyin aarun Helminth [5]
Awọn arun latari idoti omi
Awon nnkan ti kole jera
  • Awọn ipakokoropaeku
  • Diẹ ninu awọn ohun ifọṣọ
  • Awọn miiran
  • Majele (orisirisi)
  • Foomu ( awọn ohun elo ifọṣọ )
  • Idinku gbigbe atẹgun oxygeni (awọn ohun-ọgbẹ)
  • Ti kii ṣe biodegradability
  • Awọn oorun buburu (fun apẹẹrẹ: chemika phenols )
tituka okele ti ole jera
  • Lapapọ ni tituka oke
  • Iwa ihuwasi
  • Iyọ ti o pọ ju – ipalara si awọn ohun ọgbin (irigeson)
  • Majele si eweko (diẹ ninu awọn eroja)
  • Awọn iṣoro pẹlu bi omi tin wonu ile (sodiomu)

Wo eleyi naÀtúnṣe

  • Iwadi ijinle Idoti-omi
  • Idoti
  • Atọka ipinle trophiki (Atọka didara omi fun awọn adagun)
  • Itọju omi
  • Isakoso oro omi

Awọn itọkasiÀtúnṣe

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Wastewater Characteristics, Treatment and Disposal. 2015. https://iwaponline.com/ebooks/book/72/.  Àṣìṣe ìtọ́kasí: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Marcos" defined multiple times with different content Àṣìṣe ìtọ́kasí: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Marcos" defined multiple times with different content
  2. Kirk‐Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/book/10.1002/0471238961. 
  3. WHO and UNICEF (2017) Progress on Drinking Water, Sanitation and Hygiene: 2017 Update and SDG Baselines. Geneva: World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), 2017
  4. Moss, Brian (2008). "Water Pollution by Agriculture". Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B 363 (1491): 659–666. doi:10.1098/rstb.2007.2176. PMC 2610176. PMID 17666391. //www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2610176. 
  5. Guidelines for the Safe Use of Wastewater, Excreta and Greywater, Volume 4 Excreta and Greywater Use in Agriculture. 2006. ISBN 9241546859. http://www.susana.org/en/resources/library/details/1004.