Paragúáì (US /pɛərəɡw/, UK /pærəɡw/), officially the Republic of Paraguay (Spánì: República del Paraguay [reˈpuβlika ðel paɾaˈɣwai], Guaraní: Tetã Paraguái [teˈtã paɾaˈɣwaj]), is a landlocked country in South America. It is bordered by Argentina to the south and southwest, Brazil to the east and northeast, and Bolivia to the northwest. Paraguay lies on both banks of the Paraguay River, which runs through the center of the country from north to south. Due to its central location in South America, it is sometimes referred to as Corazón de América, or the Heart of America.[6]

Orílẹ̀-èdè Olọ́mìnira ilẹ̀ Paragúáì
Republic of Paraguay
República del Paraguay (Spánì)
Tetã Paraguái Invalid language code.
Àsìá (ojú) Àmì ọ̀pá àṣẹ
MottoPaz y justicia  (Híspánì)
"Peace and justice"
Orin-ìyìn orílẹ̀-èdèParaguayos, República o Muerte  (Híspánì)
"Paraguayans, Republic or Death"
(àti ìlú títóbijùlọ)
25°16′S 57°40′W / 25.267°S 57.667°W / -25.267; -57.667
Èdè àlòṣiṣẹ́ Spanish
Àwọn ẹ̀yà ènìyàn (2000) Mestizo (mixed European and Amerindian) ~80%
White (European) ~20%
unmixed Amerindian 1-3%
Asian 1-4%
black 1%
other 1-2.5%
Orúkọ aráàlú Ará Paragúáì
Ìjọba Unitary presidential constitutional republic
 -  President Federico Franco
 -  Vice President Óscar Denis
Aṣòfin Congress
 -  Ilé Aṣòfin Àgbà Chamber of Senators
 -  Ilé Aṣòfin Kéreré Chamber of Deputies
Independence from Spain 
 -  Declared 14 May 1811 
 -  Recognized 15 May 1811 
 -  Àpapọ̀ iye ààlà 406,752 km2 (60th)
157,048 sq mi 
 -  Omi (%) 2.3
 -  Ìdíye 2009 6,454,548 [3] (103rd)
 -  Ìṣúpọ̀ olùgbé 14.2/km2 (204th)
39/sq mi
GIO (PPP) ìdíye 2011
 -  Iye lápapọ̀ $35.346 billion[4] 
 -  Ti ẹnikọ̀ọ̀kan $5,412[4] 
GIO (onípípè) Ìdíye 2011
 -  Àpapọ̀ iye $21.236 billion[4] 
 -  Ti ẹnikọ̀ọ̀kan $3,252[4] 
Gini (2008) 50.8 (high
HDI (2011) 0.665[5] (medium) (107th)
Owóníná Guaraní (PYG)
Àkókò ilẹ̀àmùrè (UTC-4)
 -  Summer (DST)  (UTC-3)
Ìwakọ̀ ní ọwọ́ right
Àmìọ̀rọ̀ Internet .py
Àmìọ̀rọ̀o tẹlifóònù 595

The Guaraní have been living in Paraguay since before the arrival of Europeans in the 16th century, when Paraguay became part of the Spanish colonial empire. Following independence from Spain in 1811, Paraguay was ruled by a series of dictators who followed isolationist and protectionist policies. This development was truncated by the disastrous Paraguayan War (1864–1870) in which the country lost 60% to 70% of its population and large amounts of territory. During a large part of the 20th century, Paraguay was ruled by Alfredo Stroessner, who led one of South America's longest lived military dictatorships. In 1989 Stroessner was toppled and free elections were celebrated in 1993. In 1994 Paraguay joined Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay to found Mercosur.

As of 2009 the population was estimated at 6.3 million. The capital and largest city is Asunción. The official languages are Spanish and Guaraní, both being widely spoken in the country, with around 92% of the general population speaking Spanish and 98% speaking Guaraní.

Though it remains one of the region's poorest and least-developed countries, in 2010, Paraguay's economy grew by 14.5%, the largest economic expansion in Latin America, and the third fastest in the world after Qatar and Singapore.[7] By 2011, economic growth slowed but remained high, at 6.4%.[8]


  1. Paraguay – Constitution, Article 140 About Languages. International Constitutional Law Project. Retrieved 2007-12-03  (see translator's note)
  2. "8 LIZCANO" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-10-05. 
  3. Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Division (2009) (PDF). World Population Prospects, Table A.1. 2008 revision. United Nations. Retrieved 2009-03-12. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Paraguay". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 2012-04-20. 
  5. "Human Development Report 2011" (PDF). United Nations. 2011. Retrieved 9 November 2011. 
  6. "Paraguay, corazón de América (1961)". Retrieved 2012-10-05. 
  7. CIA <<GDP - Real Growth Rate>> Accessed on 19 September 2011.
  8. "Paraguay". 2012-03-15. Retrieved 2012-10-05.