Amẹ́ríkà Brítánì

(Àtúnjúwe láti British America)

British America is the anachronistic term used to refer to the territories under the control of the Crown or Parliament of the United Kingdom in present day North America (including Bermuda), Central America, the Caribbean, and Guyana. Colonial America consisted of the English and later British Empire in continental North America in the 17th and 18th centuries. Formally, the British Colonies in North America were known as British America[1] and the British West Indies until 1776, when the Thirteen British Colonies located along the Atlantic seaboard declared their independence and formed the United States of America. After that, British North America (or, simply but not inclusively, Canada) were used to describe the remainder of Britain's continental North American possessions. The term "British North America" was first used informally in 1783, but it was uncommon before the Report on the Affairs of British North America (1839), called the Durham Report.

British America
British America and the British West Indies
Unfederated British colonies



1607 – 1783



Red Ensign of 1707

God Save the King
Location of British America
British colonies in North America which were part of British America (red) at its peak, and other dependencies held by the British Crown at the time (pink)
Capital Administered from London, England
Language(s) English, French
Religion Protestantism, Roman Catholic
Government Constitutional monarchy
 - 1607–1625 King James I
 - 1625–1649 King Charles I
 - 1660–1685 King Charles II
 - 1685–1688 King James II
 - 1689–1694 King William and Queen Mary
 - 1689–1702 King William III
 - Virginia Colony 1607
 - New England 1620
 - King Charles II charter for Rhode Island and Providence Plantations 1663
 - Rupert's Land 1670
 - Treaty of Utrecht 1713
 - Treaty of Paris 1783
Currency Pound sterling
Ní òní ó jẹ́ apá  Anguilla
 Antigua and Barbuda
 British Virgin Islands

 Cayman Islands
 Saint Kitts and Nevis
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
 Trinidad and Tobago
 Turks and Caicos
 United States

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British America gained large amounts of new territory following the Treaty of Paris which ended Britain's involvement in the Seven Years' War. At the start of the American War of Independence in 1775, the British Empire included 20 colonies north and east of New Spain (Present day areas of Mexico and the Western United States). East Florida and West Florida were ceded to Spain in the Treaty of Paris (1783) which ended the American Revolution, and then ceded by Spain to the United States in 1819. All but one of the remaining colonies of British North America apart from the British West Indies united together from 1867 to 1873 forming the Dominion of Canada. Newfoundland joined Canada in 1949.

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