(Àtúnjúwe láti Armenia)

Arméníà (Gbígbọ́i /ɑrˈmniə/; Arméníà: Հայաստան, siso Hayastan, IPA: [hɑjɑsˈtɑn]), fún iṣẹ́ọba bíi Orílẹ̀-èdè Olómìnira ilẹ̀ Arméníà (Հայաստանի Հանրապետություն, Hayastani Hanrapetut’yun, [hɑjɑstɑˈni hɑnɾɑpɛtuˈtʰjun]), je orile-ede oke-ile ti ile yika ni agbegbe Kafkasu ni Eurasia. O budo si oritameta Apaiwoorun Asia ati Apailaorun Europe,[14] o ni bode mo Turki ni iwoorun, Georgia ni ariwa, de facto Nagorno-Karabakh Republic alominira ati Azerbaijan ni ilaorun, ati Iran ati ile Azerbaijani Nakhchivan ni guusu.

Orílẹ̀-èdè Olómìnira ilẹ̀ Arméníà
Republic of Armenia

  • Հայաստանի Հանրապետություն (Armenian)
  • Hayastani Hanrapetut’yun
Orin ìyìn: Մեր Հայրենիք
Mer Hayrenik
("Our Motherland")
Location of Arméníà
àti ìlú tótóbijùlọ
40°11′N 44°31′E / 40.183°N 44.517°E / 40.183; 44.517
Àwọn èdè ìṣẹ́ọbaArmenian[1]
Àwọn ẹ̀yà ènìyàn
Armenian Apostolic Church[4]
Orúkọ aráàlúArmenian
ÌjọbaUnitary parliamentary republic
• President
Armen Sarkissian
Nikol Pashinyan
Ararat Mirzoyan
AṣòfinNational Assembly
Establishment history
6th century BC
190 BC[5]

28 May 1918
• Independence from the Soviet Union
21 September 1991
• Total
29,743 km2 (11,484 sq mi) (138th)
• Omi (%)
• 2020 estimate
2,956,900 [8] (137th)
• 2011 census
3,018,854 [9][10]
• Ìdìmọ́ra
101.5/km2 (262.9/sq mi) (99th)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$32.893 billion[11]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$13.444 billion[11] (127th)
• Per capita
$4,527[11] (104th)
Gini (2018)Àdàkọ:IncreaseNegative 34.4[12]
HDI (2018) 0.760[13]
high · 81st
OwónínáDram (֏) (AMD)
Ibi àkókòUTC+4 (AMT)
Ojúọ̀nà ọkọ́right
Àmì tẹlifóònù+374
ISO 3166 codeAM
Internet TLD

Coordinates: 40°N 45°E / 40°N 45°E / 40; 45

A former republic of the Soviet Union, Armenia is a unitary, multiparty, democratic nation-state with an ancient and historic cultural heritage. The Kingdom of Armenia became the first state to adopt Christianity as its religion[15] in the early years of the 4th century (the traditional date is 301).[16] The modern Republic of Armenia recognizes the Armenian Apostolic Church as the national church of Armenia, although the republic has separation of church and state.[17]

Armenia is a member of more than 40 international organisations, including the United Nations, the Council of Europe, the Asian Development Bank, the Commonwealth of Independent States, the World Trade Organization, World Customs Organization, the Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation, and La Francophonie. It is a member of the CSTO military alliance, and also participates in NATO's Partnership for Peace (PfP) programme. In 2004 its forces joined KFOR, a NATO-led international force in Kosovo. It is also an observer member of the Eurasian Economic Community and the Non-Aligned Movement. The country is an emerging democracy, and is currently in a negotiation process with the European Union, of which it may become an Associate Member in the near future.[18][19][20][21] The Government of Armenia holds European integration as a key priority in its foreign policy as it is considered a European country by the European Union.[22][23][24][25][26][27]


  1. "Constitution of Armenia, Article 20". Archived from the original on 23 December 2017. Retrieved 18 January 2018.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  2. Asatryan, Garnik; Arakelova, Victoria (Yerevan 2002). The Ethnic Minorities in Armenia. Part of the OSCE. Archived copy at WebCite (16 April 2010).
  3. Ministry of Culture of Armenia "The ethnic minorities in Armenia. Brief information" Archived 10 October 2017 at the Wayback Machine.. As per the most recent census in 2011. "National minority" Archived 16 February 2017 at the Wayback Machine..
  4. Article 18 of the Constitution of Armenia
  5. Encyclopedia Americana: Ankara to Azusa. Scholastic Library Publishing. 2005. p. 393. "It was named for Artaxias, a general of Antiochus the Great, who founded the kingdom of Armenia about 190 B.C." 
  6. de Laet, Sigfried J.; Herrmann, Joachim, eds (1996). History of Humanity: From the seventh century B.C. to the seventh century A.D. (1st ed.). London: Routledge. p. 128. ISBN 978-92-3-102812-0. "The ruler of the part known as Greater Armenia, Artaxias (Artashes), the founder of a new dynasty, managed to unite the country..." 
  7. "The World Fact Book – Armenia". Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 19 July 2010. Retrieved 17 July 2010.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  9. "Statistical Service of Armenia" (PDF). Armstat. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 October 2017. Retrieved 20 February 2014.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  10. "Armenia Population". 
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 "World Economic Outlook Database, October 2018". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 23 February 2019. 
  12. "GINI index (World Bank estimate) - Armenia". World Bank. Archived from the original on 21 November 2018. Retrieved 22 March 2020.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  13. "Human Development Report 2019" (PDF) (in Èdè Gẹ̀ẹ́sì). United Nations Development Programme. 10 December 2019. Retrieved 10 December 2019. 
  14. Armenia may be considered to be in Asia and/or Europe. The UN classification of world regions places Armenia in Western Asia; the CIA World Factbook "Armenia". The World Factbook. CIA. Retrieved September 2, 2010.  "Armenia". National Geographic.  and "Armenia". Encyclopædia Britannica.  also place Armenia in Asia. Conversely, some sources place Armenia in Europe such as Oxford Reference Online "Homepage". Oxford Reference Online. Retrieved September 2, 2010.  and "Europe". Worldatlas. Retrieved September 2, 2010. Àdàkọ:Verify credibility
  15. "The conversion of Armenia to Christianity was probably the most crucial step in its history. It turned Armenia sharply away from its Iranian past and stamped it for centuries with an intrinsic character as clear to the native population as to those outside its borders, who identified Armenia almost at once as the first state to adopt Christianity". (Garsoïan, Nina (1997). ed. R.G. Hovannisian. ed. Armenian People from Ancient to Modern Times. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. Volume 1, p.81. ).
  16. Grousset, René (1947). Histoire de l'Arménie (1984 ed.). Payot. p. 122. . Estimated dates vary from 284 to 314. Garsoïan (op.cit. p.82), following the research of Ananian, favours the latter.
  17. "The Constitution of the Republic of Armenia, Article 8.1". Retrieved 2010-12-30. 
  18. Today.Az - EU hopes to sign Association Agreement with Armenia in near future
  19. EUROPA - Press Releases - EU launches negotiations on Association Agreements with Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia
  20. Armenia-EU association agreement may be concluded shortly | Armenia News -
  23. PM Sargsyan: European integration important for Armenia's development - PanARMENIAN.Net
  24. Public Radio of Armenia
  25. Information Center - Official News - The Government of the Republic of Armenia
  26. Mission of the Republic of Armenia to the NATO
  27. Armenia to Step up ‘European Integration’ Efforts | Yerevan Report