Niobium (pípè /naɪˈoʊbiəm/ nye-OH-bee-əm) (Greek mythology: Niobe, omo birin Tantalus), tabi columbium (/kəˈlʌmbiəm/ kə-LUM-bee-əm), je ipilese elegbogi pelu ami-idamo Nb ati nomba atomu 41.

Niobium, 41Nb
A lump of gray shining crystals with hexagonal facetting
Niobium
Pípè /nˈbiəm/ (ny-OH-bee-əm)
Ìhànsójúgray metallic, yellowish when oxidized
Ìwúwo átọ̀mù Ar, std(Nb)92.90637(1)[1]
Niobium ní orí tábìlì àyè
Hydrogen Helium
Lithium Beryllium Boron Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen Fluorine Neon
Sodium Magnesium Aluminium Silicon Phosphorus Sulfur Chlorine Argon
Potassium Calcium Scandium Titanium Vanadium Chromium Manganese Iron Cobalt Nickel Copper Zinc Gallium Germanium Arsenic Selenium Bromine Krypton
Rubidium Strontium Yttrium Zirconium Niobium Molybdenum Technetium Ruthenium Rhodium Palladium Silver Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon
Caesium Barium Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium Europium Gadolinium Terbium Dysprosium Holmium Erbium Thulium Ytterbium Lutetium Hafnium Tantalum Tungsten Rhenium Osmium Iridium Platinum Gold Mercury (element) Thallium Lead Bismuth Polonium Astatine Radon
Francium Radium Actinium Thorium Protactinium Uranium Neptunium Plutonium Americium Curium Berkelium Californium Einsteinium Fermium Mendelevium Nobelium Lawrencium Rutherfordium Dubnium Seaborgium Bohrium Hassium Meitnerium Darmstadtium Roentgenium Copernicium Nihonium Flerovium Moscovium Livermorium Tennessine Oganesson
V

Nb

Ta
zirconiumniobiummolybdenum
Nọ́mbà átọ̀mù (Z)41
Ẹgbẹ́group 5
Àyèàyè 5
Àdìpọ̀Àdìpọ̀-d
Ẹ̀ka ẹ́límẹ́ntì  Transition metal
Ìtò ẹ̀lẹ́ktrọ́nù[Kr] 4d4 5s1
Iye ẹ̀lẹ́ktrọ́nù lórí ìpele kọ̀ọ̀kan2, 8, 18, 12, 1
Àwọn ohun ìní ara
Ìfarahàn at STPsolid
Ìgbà ìyọ́2750 K ​(2477 °C, ​4491 °F)
Ígbà ìhó5017 K ​(4744 °C, ​8571 °F)
Kíki (near r.t.)8.57 g/cm3
Heat of fusion30 kJ/mol
Heat of 689.9 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity24.60 J/(mol·K)
 pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 2942 3207 3524 3910 4393 5013
Atomic properties
Oxidation states−3, −1, +1, +2, +3, +4, +5 Àdàkọ:Infobox element/symbol-to-oxidation-state/comment
ElectronegativityPauling scale: 1.6
Atomic radiusempirical: 146 pm
Covalent radius164±6 pm
Color lines in a spectral range
Spectral lines of niobium
Other properties
Natural occurrenceprimordial
Crystal structure ​(bcc)
Cubic body-centered crystal structure for niobium
Speed of sound thin rod3480 m/s (at 20 °C)
Thermal expansion7.3 µm/(m·K)
Thermal conductivity53.7 W/(m·K)
Electrical resistivity152 n Ω·m (at 0 °C)
Magnetic orderingparamagnetic
Young's modulus105 GPa
Shear modulus38 GPa
Bulk modulus170 GPa
Poisson ratio0.40
Mohs hardness6.0
Vickers hardness1320 MPa
Brinell hardness736 MPa
CAS Number7440-03-1
Main isotopes of niobium
Iso­tope Abun­dance Half-life (t1/2) Decay mode Pro­duct
91Nb syn 6.8×102 y ε - 91Zr
91mNb syn 60.86 d IT 0.104e 91Nb
92Nb syn 10.15 d ε - 92Zr
γ 0.934 -
92Nb syn 3.47×107y ε - 92Zr
γ 0.561, 0.934 -
93Nb 100% 93Nb is stable with 52 neutrons
93mNb syn 16.13 y IT 0.031e 93Nb
94Nb syn 2.03×104 y β 0.471 94Mo
γ 0.702, 0.871 -
95Nb syn 34.991 d β 0.159 95Mo
γ 0.765 -
95mNb syn 3.61 d IT 0.235 95Nb
Àdàkọ:Category-inline
| references


ItokasiÀtúnṣe

  1. Meija, Juris; Coplen, Tyler B.; Berglund, Michael; Brand, Willi A.; De Bièvre, Paul; Gröning, Manfred; Holden, Norman E.; Irrgeher, Johanna et al. (2016). "Atomic weights of the elements 2013 (IUPAC Technical Report)". Pure and Applied Chemistry 88 (3): 265–91. doi:10.1515/pac-2015-0305.