Palladium, 46Pd
Palladium.jpg
Palladium
Pípè /pəˈldiəm/ (pə-LAY-dee-əm)
Ìhànsójúsilvery white metallic
Ìwúwo átọ̀mù Ar, std(Pd)106.42(1)[1]
Palladium ní orí tábìlì àyè
Hydrogen Helium
Lithium Beryllium Boron Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen Fluorine Neon
Sodium Magnesium Aluminium Silicon Phosphorus Sulfur Chlorine Argon
Potassium Calcium Scandium Titanium Vanadium Chromium Manganese Iron Cobalt Nickel Copper Zinc Gallium Germanium Arsenic Selenium Bromine Krypton
Rubidium Strontium Yttrium Zirconium Niobium Molybdenum Technetium Ruthenium Rhodium Palladium Silver Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon
Caesium Barium Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium Europium Gadolinium Terbium Dysprosium Holmium Erbium Thulium Ytterbium Lutetium Hafnium Tantalum Tungsten Rhenium Osmium Iridium Platinum Gold Mercury (element) Thallium Lead Bismuth Polonium Astatine Radon
Francium Radium Actinium Thorium Protactinium Uranium Neptunium Plutonium Americium Curium Berkelium Californium Einsteinium Fermium Mendelevium Nobelium Lawrencium Rutherfordium Dubnium Seaborgium Bohrium Hassium Meitnerium Darmstadtium Roentgenium Copernicium Nihonium Flerovium Moscovium Livermorium Tennessine Oganesson
Ni

Pd

Pt
rhodiumpalladiumsilver
Nọ́mbà átọ̀mù (Z)46
Ẹgbẹ́group 10
Àyèàyè 5
Àdìpọ̀Àdìpọ̀-d
Ẹ̀ka ẹ́límẹ́ntì  Transition metal
Ìtò ẹ̀lẹ́ktrọ́nù[Kr] 4d10
Iye ẹ̀lẹ́ktrọ́nù lórí ìpele kọ̀ọ̀kan2, 8, 18, 18
Àwọn ohun ìní ara
Ìfarahàn at STPsolid
Ìgbà ìyọ́1828.05 K ​(1554.9 °C, ​2830.82 °F)
Ígbà ìhó3236 K ​(2963 °C, ​5365 °F)
Kíki (near r.t.)12.023 g/cm3
when liquid (at m.p.)10.38 g/cm3
Heat of fusion16.74 kJ/mol
Heat of 362 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity25.98 J/(mol·K)
 pressure
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 1721 1897 2117 2395 2753 3234
Atomic properties
Oxidation states0, +1, +2, +3, +4 Àdàkọ:Infobox element/symbol-to-oxidation-state/comment
ElectronegativityPauling scale: 2.20
Atomic radiusempirical: 137 pm
Covalent radius139±6 pm
Van der Waals radius163 pm
Color lines in a spectral range
Spectral lines of palladium
Other properties
Natural occurrenceprimordial
Crystal structure ​(fcc)
Face-centered cubic crystal structure for palladium
Speed of sound thin rod3070 m/s (at 20 °C)
Thermal expansion11.8 µm/(m·K) (at 25 °C)
Thermal conductivity71.8 W/(m·K)
Electrical resistivity105.4 n Ω·m (at 20 °C)
Magnetic orderingparamagnetic[2]
Young's modulus121 GPa
Shear modulus44 GPa
Bulk modulus180 GPa
Poisson ratio0.39
Mohs hardness4.75
Vickers hardness461 MPa
Brinell hardness37.3 MPa
CAS Number7440-05-3
Main isotopes of palladium
Iso­tope Abun­dance Half-life (t1/2) Decay mode Pro­duct
100Pd syn 3.63 d ε - 100Rh
γ 0.084, 0.074,
0.126
-
102Pd 1.02% 102Pd is stable with 56 neutrons
103Pd syn 16.991 d ε - 103Rh
104Pd 11.14% 104Pd is stable with 58 neutrons
105Pd 22.33% 105Pd is stable with 59 neutrons
106Pd 27.33% 106Pd is stable with 60 neutrons
107Pd trace 6.5×106 y β 0.033 107Ag
108Pd 26.46% 108Pd is stable with 62 neutrons
110Pd 11.72% 110Pd is stable with 64 neutrons
Àdàkọ:Category-inline
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ItokasiÀtúnṣe

  1. Meija, Juris; Coplen, Tyler B.; Berglund, Michael; Brand, Willi A.; De Bièvre, Paul; Gröning, Manfred; Holden, Norman E.; Irrgeher, Johanna et al. (2016). "Atomic weights of the elements 2013 (IUPAC Technical Report)". Pure and Applied Chemistry 88 (3): 265–91. doi:10.1515/pac-2015-0305. 
  2. Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 81st edition, CRC press.